What is the Job of the Legislative Branch: Do you know the job description of the legislative branch? If NO, here is an article to satisfy your curiosity. However, the Legislative Branch is one of three branches of government in the United States. Keep on!
The Legislative Branch, by adopting new federal laws and enforcing those that apply to the other departments of government, contributes to a system of checks and balances within the federal government that helps avoid abuses of power.
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What is the Legislative Branch?
The Legislative Branch is divided into two parts: the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives, which together comprise Congress.
Congress meets at the US Capitol to debate and vote on legislation, and they also have the only ability to declare war. Members of the Senate can confirm or reject individuals recommended for the president’s Cabinet as a power check.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO), the National Archives, the Library of Congress, and the Government Accountability Office (GAO) are all part of this arm.
What is the House of Representatives?
The US House of Representatives is one of the legislative branches of the US government, with 435 members chosen by the US people for two-year terms.
The House of Representatives, along with the Senate, comprise Congress, which represents the electorate’s best interests in the Capitol by crafting legislation and recording electoral votes following a presidential election.
The number of representatives assigned to each of the 50 states is proportional to their population.
It also includes the District of Columbia (Washington, D.C.), as well as other US territories such as Puerto Rico, Guam, American Samoa, the US Virgin Islands, and the Northern Mariana Islands.
This chamber is led by the Speaker of the House, who is third in the line of presidential succession after the Vice President.
What is the Senate?
The United States Senate is one of the legislative branches of the United States government, consisting of two members from each state (a total of 100 Senators), with each member chosen by US voters to serve a six-year term.
The Senate, together with the House of Representatives, is the chamber of Congress that represents the electorate’s best interests at the Capitol.
A two-thirds majority vote in the Senate is required to override the president’s veto. In addition, the vice president acts as President of the Senate and can vote to break a tie if the chamber is divided.
Senate majority and minority leaders function as spokespersons for their respective parties, albeit who the leader is depends on which party holds the Senate majority.
The Senate can also try impeachment proceedings and undertake inquiries into other levels of government.
What is the Job of the Legislative Branch?
Some of the powers of Congress include:
1. Drafting Proposed Legislation:
The legislative process begins in the House and Senate. Either arm of Congress can introduce legislation that will be debated, investigated, and voted on in their respective chambers.
If one branch of Congress approves the measure, the other must approve it before they send it to the President, where it is signed into law.
2. Official Nominations:
Congress has the authority to confirm or reject nominees for President, heads of federal agencies, federal judges, and the Supreme Court.
3. Declaring War:
According to the Constitution, Congress is the only body of government that has the authority to declare war on another country.
This has only happened 11 times in American history.
What are the Other Branches of Government?
The three major branches of the United States government work on a system of checks and balances that guarantees a fair and democratic power balance.
The three branches of government are as follows:
The Executive Branch:
This branch implements and enforces legislation. The Executive Branch is led by government agencies and committees and includes the President of the United States, the Vice President, Cabinet secretaries, and their departments, commissions, and boards.
As part of the system of checks and balances, the President has the authority to veto legislation submitted by the Legislative Branch.
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The Judicial Branch:
The Judicial Branch is made up of the Supreme Court and federal courts. The Judicial Branch interprets the laws, ensuring that the laws established by Congress are lawful and do not exceed the federal government’s powers.
A law can be overturned if the Supreme Court rules it is unconstitutional.
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