February 22, 2024

If you are a candidate seeking WAEC Woodwork Questions and Answers for 2024/2025, you have arrived at the right place as we will break them down for you. We will go further to show you how WAEC Woodwork questions are set and the best way to answer for full marks.

WAEC Woodwork Questions and Answers

The West African Senior School Certificate Examination (WASSCE) is organized by WAEC in West African countries. The exam boasts millions of candidates each year due to its importance and over 15 subjects are sat for in the exams including Woodwork. That being said, let’s go through the questions and answers for the subject at hand.

WAEC Woodwork Questions and Answers 2024/2025

(1) (a) Arrange the following mass production activities in their sequential order of occurrence:

(i) trial assembly;

(ii) procurement of materials;

(iii) preparation of working drawings;

(iv) final assembly;

(v) preparation of materials;

(vi) setting out and cutting of joints.

(b) List two types of widening joint.

(c) List two sources of funds open to a wood working sole proprietor.

Observation

Candidates were expected to do the following:

(1) arrange the listed activities in their sequential order of occurrence;

(2) list two widening joints;

(3) list two sources of funds open to a woodworking sole proprietor. The solution is shown below:

(a) Mass production activities in sequential order:

(i) preparation of working drawings;

(ii) procurement of materials;

(iii) preparation of materials;

(iv) setting out and cutting of joints;

(v) trial assembly;

(vi) final assembly.

(b) Types of widening joint:

(i) dowel joint;

(ii) tongued and grooved joint (tongue and groove joint);

(iii) loose tongue and groove joint (feather joint);

(iv) slot screw joint;

(v) rebated joint;

(vi) rubbed glued joint (plain butt joint);

(vii) biscuit joint.

(c) Sources of funds open to a woodworking sole proprietor:

(i) personal savings;

(ii) sale of shares;

(iii) loans from friends;

(iv) assistance from family members;

(v) loan from cooperatives;

(vi) thrift contributions (Esusu);

(vii) bank loans;

(viii) inheritance;

(ix) grants-in-aid from government/donor agencies;

(x) sale of personal property.

 

(2)        (a) State two clothing habits that can cause accidents in a wood workshop.

(b)        Describe how the teeth of a panel saw are set.

(c)        List two wood lathe cutting tools.

Observation

Candidates were expected to:

(1)        state two clothing habits that can cause accidents in a woodwork shop;

(2)        describe how the teeth of a panel saw are set;

(3)        list two wood lathe cutting tools.

The solution is as follows:

(a) Clothing habits that can cause an accident in a wood workshop:

(i) wearing loose/oversize outer clothing;

(ii) wearing loose apron/overall;

(iii) wearing long sleeve shirt;

(iv) wearing long hair;

(v) wearing jewelry (wrist watch, necklace, ring);

(vi) wearing flying tie;

(vii) wearing non protective foot wear;

(viii) wearing sagging trousers:

(ix) wearing unlaced foot wear;

(x) wearing inappropriate workshop clothing.

(b)        How to set a panel saw teeth:

(A)        By hand:

mount the saw in a saw vice/bench vice;

mark the starting tooth on one end of the saw;

starting from the marked tooth, use a saw set to bend about ½ the top of each alternate tooth toward self;

turn the saw around and bend the remaining teeth the same way.

OR

(B) Using machine:

  • fix the saw on the machine vice;
  • mark the starting tooth;
  • set the machine to the amount of set required;
  • start the machine and adjust to starting setting from the marked tooth to the end of the saw;
  • stop the machine and turn the saw around;
  • start the machine to set alternate teeth;
  • stop the machine and remove the saw.

(c) Wood lathe cutting tools:

Parting chisel, skew chisel, round nose chisel, square chisel, spear point chisel, roughing-out gouge, spindle gouge, bowel gouge, square scraper, flat or facing chisel, flat scraper, diamond scraper, spear point scraper.

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(3)  (a) Use a sectional sketch to illustrate the following holes bored when screwing.

(b)        (i)   List two types of solvent used in the production of wood finishes.

(ii)         State two functions of a solvent in a wood finish.

Observation

Candidates were expected to:

use a sectional sketch to illustrate the pilot hole, clearance hole, and counter bore;

list two types of solvents used in the production of wood finishes;

state one function of a solvent in a wood finish.

This solution is shown below:

(a) Sectional sketch illustrating holes in screwing:

b (i) Solvents used in wood finishing:

  • thinner;
  • turpentine;
  • water;
  • paraffin;
  • methylated spirit
  • kerosene.

(ii) Functions of a solvent in a wood finish:

A solvent:

dissolves a finish with the purpose of thinning the finish;

enhances the drying of finishes;

quickens the application of finishes.

SECTION B

Question 1 – Design And Drawing

A petty trader needs a showcase to be placed on a table to display snacks.  The overall dimensions of the showcase are:

height               –           600;

width                –           600;

depth                –           300.

(All dimensions are in millimeters)

The showcase is divided into two compartments by a partition. Each of the compartments is divided into two unequal spaces by a shelf. The showcase has two glazed doors in front. It is glazed with one glass panel at the back.  The sides, top, and bottom are made of 18 mm plywood, and each is covered with white Formica on both faces.

Make two preliminary freehand pictorial sketches each for a different design of the showcase.

Select one of the sketches in question 1 and indicate the sketch selected by a tick (   ).

On a scale of 1:5, draw in the Third angle Orthographic Projection, the following views of the sketch selected:

(i) the front elevation;

(ii) a sectional end elevation.

Observation

Candidates were expected to do the following:

(i) make two preliminary freehand pictorial sketches each for a different design of the given showcase;

(ii) draw the front elevation and sectional end elevation of the selected showcase design.

The solution is shown below:

(a) Preliminary freehand sketches:

draw for resemblance;

draw to proportion;

dimension properly.

(b) Front elevation (F.E.):

  • indicate the sketch selected;
  • show cabinet carcase;
  •  show cabinet doors;
  • show cabinet shelf;
  • show cabinet partition
  • draw to scale;
  • dimension appropriately;
  • name the view.

ii Sectional End Elevation:

  • show cutting plane;
  • position in third angle projection;
  • project from front elevation;
  • show carcase details;
  • show door details;
  • show back details;
  • draw to scale;
  • dimension properly;
  • show good line quality;
  • name the view.

DISCLAIMER! These are not real WAEC Woodwork questions but likely repeated questions over the years to help candidates understand the nature of their examinations. Ensure to take note of every question provided on this page.