February 24, 2024

Geography NECO Questions and Answers are available online now, so if you are a candidate who is in search of 2024 NECO Geography Questions you are at the right place. We are here to guide you, Just read on!

Geography NECO Questions and Answers

The National Examinations Council is an examination body in Nigeria that conducts the Senior Secondary Certificate Examination and the General Certificate in Education in June/July and December/January, respectively.

Geography NECO Questions and Answers

Geography Paper II. Paper 2 will last for 1 hour. Attempt all questions from this section

Answer all questions.

Each question is followed by five options lettered A–E. Choose the correct option for each question and shade in pencil on your answer sheet, die answer space that bears the same letter as the option you have chosen. Give only one answer to each question and erase completely any answer you wish to change.

Do all the rough work on your question paper.

An example is given below:

Which of these countries does not share a border with Nigeria?

A. Benin

B. Cameroon

C. Chad

D. Niger

E. Togo

The correct option is “Togo” which is lettered E. Therefore answer space E would be shaded.

[A] [B] [C] [D] [E]

Use the map of MOLAI S.W. to answer questions 1 -10.

Geography NECO Objectives Questions

1. The scale of the map in Representative Fractions is

A. 1:50,000.

B. 1:100,000.

C. 1:150,000.

D. 1:200,000.

E. 1:250,000.


2. What is the approximate distance in Km, along the footpath, from Iwere to Uvu?

A. 5

B. 6

C. 7

D. 9

E. 10


3. The contour interval of the map in meters is

A. 20.

B. 30.

C. 40.

D. 50.

E. 100.


4. The wireless mast on the map is located at an altitude of________metres.

A. 40

B. 100

C. 120

D. 140

E. 160


5. Which of the following pairs of settlements is intervisible?

A. Dakka and Lere

B. Dakka and Uvu

C. Iwere and Lere

D. Iwere and Uvu

E. Lere and Uvu


6. The drainage pattern of River Omomu can be described as

A. Annular.

B. Centripetal.

C. Dendritic.

D. Radial.

E. Trellis.


7. The feature marked ‘X’ is a/an

A. cliff.

B. escarpment.

C. hill.

D. knoll.

E. valley.


8. The inhabitants of Iwere are most likely to be engaged in

A. farming.

B. fishing.

C. lumbering.

D. mining.

E. quarrying.


9. The approximate bearing of Dakka settlement from the Leper Hospital is

A. 65°.

B. 115°.

C. 120°.

D. 276°.

E. 320°.

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10. What is the direction of the flow of River Ofu?

A. East

B. North

C. North-West

D. North-East

E. South-West


11. The planet that rotates in a clockwise direction is the

A. Earth.

B. Jupiter.

C. Pluto.

D. Uranus.

E. Venus.


12. Which of the following is not an effect of earth rotation?

A. Day and night

B. Deflection of winds and ocean currents

C. Seasonal changes

D. Dawn and twilight

E. Daily rising and falling of

Geography NECO Theory Answers

Geography PAPER III. Paper 2 will last for 1 hour 30min. Attempt all questions from this section

Question 1aii)


  • It has promoted excess births over deaths
  • It has a good knowledge of the causes of infections and diseases and how to prevent them has led to increase in the population
  • Better sanitation which has helped to check outbreaks and spread of diseases has led to a population increase

Question 1b)

  • Relief: Jara is located in the lowland with deep volcanic and alluvial plains which favours the cultivation of crops and habitations
  • Favourable climate: This area has moderate temperate and abundant rainfall throughout the year and is supported by irrigation for the cultivation of crops
  • Fertile soil: Jara is blessed with rich volcanic alluvial soils which favour the growth of many crops
  • Intensive agriculture: The soil is intensively and continuously cultivated because of its fertility for the growth of rice and other crops

Question (2ai)


  • Industrial function
  • Commercial function
  • Administrative function


  • Agricultural function
  • Lumbering function
  • Fishing function

Question (2b)

  • Provision of food: Urban areas depend on rural areas for foodstuffs
  • Unskilled labour supply: Unskilled labour supply usually comes from rural to urban industries
  • Medicinal herbs: Medicinal herbs and roots are usually bought from rural to urban areas for pharmaceuticals

Question 2c)

i)Rural areas provide urban areas with food

ii)Rural areas provide urban areas with unskilled labour

iii)urban areas provide rural areas with manufactured goods

iv)urban areas provide rural areas with higher education

v)Rural areas provide urban areas with raw materials

Question (3b)

  • Labour
  • Transport
  • Market
  • Water
  • Site
  • Climate

Question 3c)

Factors Influencing Industrial Location:

Availability of raw materials: In determining the location of an industry, nearness to sources of raw materials is of vital importance.

Availability of Labour: Adequate supply of cheap and skilled labour is necessary for the industry. The attraction of industry towards labour centres depends on the ratio of labour cost to the total cost of production which Weber calls the ‘Labour cost of Index’.

Proximity to Markets: Access to markets is an important factor which the entrepreneur must take into consideration. Industries producing perishable or bulky commodities which cannot be transported over long distances are generally located in close proximity to markets.

Industries located near the markets could be able to reduce the costs of transport in distributing the finished product as in the case of bread and bakery, ice, tins, cans manufacturing, etc.

Accessibility of markets is more important in the case of industries manufacturing consumer goods rather than producer goods.

Transport Facilities: Transport facilities, generally, influence the location of the industry. Transportation with its three modes, i.e., water, road, and rail collectively play an important role. So the junction points of waterways, roadways and railways become humming centres of industrial activity.

Further, the modes and rates of transport and transport policy of the Government considerably affect the location of industrial units.

The heavy concentration of the cotton textile industry in Bombay has been due to the cheap and excellent transportation network both in regard to raw materials and markets.

Power: Another factor influencing the location of an industry is the availability of cheap power. Water, wind, coal, gas, oil and electricity are the chief sources of power. Both water and wind power were widely sought as sources of the power supply before the invention of the steam engine.

During the nineteenth century, nearness to coal fields became the principal locating influence on the setting up of new industries, particularly, heavy industries.

With the introduction of other sources of power like electricity, gas, oil, etc. the power factor became more flexible leading to the dispersal and decentralization of industries.

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Question 4a)


  • fadama plain
  • river Sokoto
  • Cross River

Question 4b)

i)presence of unique landforms

ii)presence of unique historical and religious centres

iii)unique environmental conditions

iv)presence of the natural and artificial lake

Question 4c)

  • Unstable political factors and government policies
  • Inadequate maintenance of the tourist centre
  • High rate of crime rate in the country
  • Outspread of diseases

Question (5a)


Question (5b)

  • Movement of goods and services
  • Movement of people
  • Development of tourism
  • Opening up new lands and areas
  • Generation of revenue

Question (5c)

  • It is very costly to build and maintain railways
  • Railway transport is relatively slow in some other areas
  • The railway network is generally poor

Question 6a)

The climate within Cross River plains is tropical-humid with wet and dry seasons, with average temperatures ranging between 15°C – 30°C, and the annual rainfall between 1300 – 3000 mm


  • Poor road network in Africa
  • Poor equipment of tools
  • Political issues among members in Africa

DISCLAIMER! These are not real Geography  NECO Questions and Answers but likely repeated questions over the years to help candidates understand the nature of their examinations. Ensure to take note of every question provided on this page.

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